Other Proven Treatments -
but Less proven than standard 2nd line therapies
There is another possible category of proven treatments
which for lack of a better name are being called "other" here.
These treatments might
be worth HRPC patients investigating further.
These might be treatments with
relatively low PSA response rates (as determined by clinical trial(s), using the >50% PSA decline criteria), treatments that have reduced the PSA doubling time or
not produced a >50% drop in PSA or treatments that have relatively few
patients in studies done to date, but have produced good results in trials.
Stable disease would also be consistent with the proven-other category.
Most of the following can be used in various
contexts -- perhaps to delay starting cytotoxic chemotherapy or during a
break from chemotherapy (intermittent chemotherapy.)
List of Therapies
Leukine/Thalidomide and Leukine/Ketoconazole. Discussed here in
the context of extending the off period during intermittent chemotherapy,
but also potentially useful in delaying the start of chemotherapy.
(Sandostatin LAR). The combination of a somatostatin analog with either
dexamethasone or an estrogen looks promising as an off chemotherapy option,
although data is limited. Possible use as a 2nd-line hormone therapy.
Some benefit has been seen when ketoconazole is failing by adding dutasteride.
This is normally an antiandrogen used with combined hormone therapy -- as a part of 1st line
hormone therapy. It can also be used as a part of 2nd line hormone
This "improved" thalidomide doesn't have the peripheral neuropathy or the
sedative side effects of thalidomide, but does cause thrombocytopenia in
some. This paper has tables giving the results of combining Revlimid with
ketoconazole, leukine and with taxotere (docetaxel).
Suntinib (Sutent). Sunitinib malate (SUTENT®) is a small-molecule, oral, multitargeted tyrosine
kinase inhibitor of VEGFRs (1,2 and 3), PDGFRs (α
and β), KIT, RET and FLT3. Of these, VEGFR
overexpression contributes to prostate cancer progression, while PDGFR
overexpression is related to bone metastasis progression. Sunitinib is being
studied by itself as an HRPC treatment and in combination with taxotere - as
a 1st line chemotherapy and as a 2nd line chemotherapy.
Degarelix (Firmagon). This
is a GnRH antagonist that could replace drugs like Lupron for suppressing
testosterone and hence PSA in hormone sensitive patients. It has been shown
to be effective as a 2nd line hormonal therapy as well. FDA approved for PCa.
Author: Howard Hansen, updated 11/29/08 and 16 July 2010